How To Cut A Hole In An Object With Inkscape | Beginner Tutorial

How To Cut A Hole In An Object With Inkscape | Beginner Tutorial 800 470 Nick Saporito

In this tutorial I’ll be demonstrating how to cut a hole in an object with Inkscape. This is a very basic function that is handy to know when working with vector objects, and it’s a great lesson for beginners and first-time users of Inkscape.

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The following is an overview of the steps taken to achieve this effect. If you’d like a more in-depth explanation with step-by-step instructions, I’d highly recommend that you watch the video tutorial at the top of the page.

Cut A Hole In An Object With Inkscape

To cut a hole in an object with Inkscape, place the object you’d like to cut the hole with over the object you’d like it cut into, select them both, and navigate to Path > Difference.

In order to cut a hole in our object, we first need to define what shape the hole will be, and what object we’ll be cutting the hole into. For this tutorial I’ll be using the following red square and blue star as an example.

Example objects

My goal is to cut a hole in the red square using the blue star so that there’s a star-shaped hole in the square with transparency/negative space showing through. I placed both objects on a checkerboard pattern to help illustrate where the negative space (the “hole”) will be.

Path Functions

To accomplish this we’ll be using one of Inkscape’s path functions. More specifically, a path function known as Difference.

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The Difference path function allows you to subtract an object from another object. However, in order for it to work properly, there’s a few conditions that need to be met…

  1. The object you wish to subtract must be positioned above the object you wish to subtract it from. Whichever object is on top is going to be what gets cut into the object beneath it.
  2. Both objects must be pure vector paths¬†otherwise it will not work. They cannot be photos, raster images, text objects, or anything else that isn’t a path. It also cannot be paths that have filters, clips, or masks applied.
  3. Both objects must be individual paths. This particular path function will not work on groups of paths. Everything must be ungrouped, and it cannot be more than 2 objects.

That said, let’s get started.

The first thing I want to do is make sure that the object I wish to cut the hole with is positioned above the object I’m cutting it into. In my example it would be the star. So I’m going to make sure the star is raised to the top by selecting it and clicking the Raise Selection To The Top icon in the top toolbar. Alternatively, you can simply press the Home key on your keyboard instead.

Click and drag your object over the object you’d like to cut the hole into and position it exactly where you’d like the hole to be.

Overlapping objects

Now, select both objects. You can select both objects with the Select tool by holding Shift and clicking on each. You can also select them by clicking and dragging to create a bounding box that encapsulates them both.

With both objects selected, navigate to Path > Difference.

Path difference menu

If done correctly, you should have successfully cut a hole in your object, as indicated by my example below.

Finished object

Notice the checkerboard pattern showing through the negative space where the hole is.

And that’s all there is to it!

Learn More

If you’d like to learn more about all of the other path functions and how they work, I have an entire video series where I explain each of them and demonstrate how they work in my Inkscape Master Class. We also have a private community where I can give you one-on-one assistance if you have questions about anything or need clarification.

If you have any questions or run into any problems with this tutorial simply leave a comment below. As always, thanks for watching!

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Want to learn more about how Inkscape works? Check out the Inkscape Master Class – a comprehensive series of over 50 videos where I go over every tool, feature and function in Inkscape and explain what it is, how it works, and why it’s useful.

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Nick Saporito

Nick Saporito is a Philadelphia-based graphic designer who specializes in branding-specific design. A full portfolio and information regarding services offered can be found at LogosByNick.com.

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